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Madidi National Park Flora

MadidiBecause of the wide range of altitudes found in the Madidi National Park there is a huge diversity of ecoregions where it is estimated that between 5,000 and 6,000 plants are found. Outstanding species are Queñua (Polylepis racemosa triacontranda), and a newly identified species huaycha (Weinmannia microphylla),  Weinmannia boliviensis and W. crassifolia, walnut (Juglans boliviana), Miconia theaezans, pines (Podocarpus spp.), wild coconut (Eugenia sp.), alder (Alnus acuminata), chachacoma (Escallonia myrtilloides), Hesperomeles ferruginea and H. lanuginosa, MadidiMyrica pubescens, myrtle (Randia boliviana), Myrsine coriacea, elm (Sambucus peruviana), laurel trees (Ocotea spp. and Nectandra spp.), Byrsonima indorum, Tetragastris altissima, Anadenanthera colubrina, bibosi (Ficus spp.), Didymopanax morototoni and Miconia multiflora.

There are also numerous hardwood trees such as mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), cedar (Cedrela odorata), Santa Maria (Calophyllum brasiliense) and the sand-box tree (Hura crepitans). The park is also home to a great diversity of palms: Ceroxylon pityrophyllum (extremely rare), Geonoma megalospatha, G. lindeniana and G. deversa, Socratea exorrhiza, Iriartea deltoidea, Scheelea princes, Astrocaryum spp., Phytelephas macrocarpa, Dictyocaryum lamarckianum, Euterpe precatoria and the royal palm Mauritia flexuosa.