Founding: The Madidi was formed into a National Park and Natural Area of Integrated Management on September 21, 1995.
Geographical Location: 67º30' - 69º51' 12º30' - 14º44'
Extension: The Park covers 1,895,750 hectares (18,957 km²), of which 1,271,500 hectares are the National Park and 624,250 hectares are the Natural Area of Integrated Management.
Population: The pattern of human settlement in the Madidi National Park is complex due to its large area and diversity of regions. The Park is home to around 670 families (some 3,500 inhabitants) spread out among 33 communities. The most important urban centres on the borders of the Park are Apolo to the southeast (1,628 inhabitants), San Buenaventura (1,670 inhabitants) and Rurrenabaque (4,959 inhabitants) to the east and Ixiamas to the north (1,256 inhabitants).
The Madidi National Park is home to some of the greatest riches of Bolivia and is also one of the world’s priorities for conservation as it is one of the most extraordinary reservoirs of genetic material on the planet.
- The park is characterized by its exceptional wealth of biological riches and variety of ecosystems. Madidi is home to over 4,739 species of plants, 1,370 species of vertebrates and 867 tropical birds and endemic plants making it a priority for conservation.
- This protected area has the highest number of bird species in the world and it is thought that more studies will register over 1,100 species.
- The Madidi National Park is composed of snow-capped mountains, glaciers, high Andean lagoons, deep valleys and canyons, cliffs, torrid rivers and waterfalls all adding up to make up some of the most stunning scenery you will ever see.
- There are numerous Inca and Mollo archaeological sites and pre-Columbian paths in the upper regions of the Park, which is also home to many different ethnic groups both in the low and highlands.
The Park varies between 6,000 and 200 metres above sea level from the Apolobamba mountain range to the Amazon plains of River Heath. Montane Moist to Perhumid Evergreen Forest, Seasonally Moist Lowland Tropical Forest, Palm Savannas, Puna and Dry Inter-Andean Valleys.