Taquile Island is a small narrow island with its main town up on a hill. A winding path leads up to the town, and a steep staircase is better used to descend.
In the main square, there is a cooperative shop selling woolen goods and handwoven items as well as a small church.
The Taquile Island society is based on community collectivism and on the Inca moral code "ama sua, ama llulla, ama qhella" (do not steal, do not lie, do not be lazy). The Taquile people have maintained their traditions and culture and many locals wear traditional dress.
The economy depends on fishing, terraced farming of potatoes, barley and broad beans, and tourism.
Taquileños are known for their fine handwoven textiles and clothing. Travelers can buy well made woolen and alpaca goods as well as colorful garments whose patterns and designs bear hidden messages about the wearer's social standing or marital status.